The Biggest Drop in Carbon Emission Due to COVID-19
The biggest drop of carbon emission after World War II can be reported due to COVID-19 pandemic
A major study published in Nature Climate Change found that social changes associated with the coronavirus pandemic have radically altered trends in energy demand and could result in global carbon emissions falling this year by as much as 7 per cent.
The COVID-19 situation causes to lockdown many industries and reduces transportation. So the carbon emission to the atmosphere has reduced in a vast amount.
A study was done in institutions of Europe, US and Australia by analyzing the records of daily emissions of carbon across 69 countries. The scientists found that early April 2020, global daily carbon emission fell by 17% compared to 2019 levels, with just under half of changes in surface transportation. That represents a decrease from 100 million tons of carbon emitted daily to 83 million tons per day. Emissions at their peaks fell by an average of 26% in individual countries.
The largest dropdown in carbon emission was China, and then US, Europe and India. The air pollution level in China was reported due to the reopening of industrial facilities which is higher than pre-lockdown levels.
The drastic annual decrease in carbon emission that may result from maintaining year-round restrictions is equivalent to the decades long decrease expected each year to meet the targets of the Paris Agreement, which seeks to reduce climate change by limiting global average temperature increases to below 2C.
Stanford University’s Professor Rob Jackson said: “The drop in emissions is substantial but illustrates the challenge of reaching our Paris climate commitments. We need systemic change through green energy and electric cars, not temporary reductions from enforced behaviour.”